The Lowland tapir is critical to the biodiversity of the Paraguayan Chaco’s rich ecosystem. But because of habitat loss and poaching, this species’ numbers are falling. That’s why we want to send a nationally recognized Smithsonian zoological veterinarian to the region to learn more about the tapir’s habitat use. As part of this three-year project, a research team will evaluate and track these animals using GPS collars. The information gathered will allow researchers to provide local communities with guidance on how to craft tapir-friendly policies and enact effective conservation plans.